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Modeling of Microsegregation and Homogenization of 6xxx Al-Alloys Including Precipitation and Strengthening During Homogenization Cooling

Research Area: Alloy Design Year: 2019
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: aluminum alloys
  • Sarafoglou, Panagiota I.
  • Serafeim, Alexandros
  • Fanikos, Ioannis A.
  • Aristeidakis, John S.
  • Haidemenopoulos, Gregory N.
Control of the homogenization process is important in obtaining high extrudability and desirable properties in 6xxx aluminum alloys. Three consecutive steps of the process chain were modeled. Microsegregation arising from solidification was described with the Scheil-Gulliver model. Dissolution of Mg(2)Si, Si (diamond) and Îtexttwosuperior-AlFeSi (Îtexttwosuperior-Al(5)FeSi) to Îtextpm-AlFeSi (Îtextpm-Al(12)(FeMn)(3)Si) transformation during homogenization have been described with a CALPHAD-based multicomponent diffusion Dual-Grain Model (DGM), accounting for grain size inhomogeneity. Mg(2)Si precipitation and associated strengthening during homogenization cooling were modeled with the Kampmann-Wagner Numerical (KWN) precipitation framework. The DGM model indicated that the fractions of Îtexttwosuperior-AlFeSi and Îtextpm-AlFeSi exhibit an exact spatial and temporal correspondence during transformation. The predictions are in good agreement with experimental data. The KWN model indicated the development of a bimodal particle size distribution during homogenization cooling, arising from corresponding nucleation events. The associated strengthening, arising from solid solution and precipitation strengthening, was in good agreement with experimental results. The proposed modeling approach is a valuable tool for the prediction of microstructure evolution during the homogenization of 6xxx aluminum alloys, including the often-neglected part of homogenization cooling.
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